On Wednesday, November 22, 2023, the Presiding Disciplinary Judge of the Supreme Court of Colorado suspended Attorney Zachariah C. Crabill for misconduct during a motion he filed on behalf of a civil client.

The case is entitled “In the Matter of Zachariah C. Crabill,” with case no. 23PDJ067.

According to the filing, Crabill was hired in April 2023 to prepare a motion to set aside judgment for a client. As Crabill had no prior experience drafting such a motion, he researched case law using the artificial intelligence platform ChatGPT. However, Crabill failed to properly vet the citations he found through ChatGPT or verify their accuracy before including them in the motion filed with the court in May 2023.

Before the hearing on the motion, Crabill discovered that the cases cited were either factually incorrect or did not exist. However, Crabill did not alert the court to the false citations and did not withdraw the motion. When the judge expressed concerns about the accuracy of the citations during the hearing, Crabill falsely blamed mistakes on a legal intern.

It was not until six days after the hearing that Crabill filed an affidavit admitting he had used ChatGPT to research the motion. The approved stipulation found that in his actions, Crabill violated Colorado rules of professional conduct regarding competence, diligence, honesty before the tribunal, and engaging in dishonest conduct.

As a result of the stipulation between Crabill and the Office of Attorney Regulation Counsel, Crabill will be suspended for one year and one day. However, only ninety days are to be served, and the remainder is to be stayed upon Crabill’s successful completion of a two-year probationary period with conditions. The suspension takes effect immediately as of the judge’s approval on November 22, 2023.

According to his LinkedIn profile, Mr. Crabill is the founder of Av{AI}lable Legal Solutions, LLC, He attended the Liberty University School of Law, graduating in 2021.

A copy of the original filing can be found here.